1887-1894 spring evicted from hell
2017 sold for € 1.96m including premium
The artist early changes his mind because this infernal group is not tragic enough for his gates and perhaps also because he did not well appreciate why a carnal love could cause such an eternal disapproval. The group is then offered separately from the Porte under the title Le Printemps which will become from 1900 L' Eternel Printemps reminding the original inspiration of the artist.
Rodin is now the artist of the erotic happiness. Le Baiser is a following to Le Printemps commissioned for the Universal Exhibition of 1889.
The plasters of Rodin are transferred in bronzes by independent workshops. From 1887 to 1894, Griffoul et Lorge edited 105 pieces by Rodin.
Four variants of the first state of Le Printemps are listed by the Comité Rodin and numbered A, B, C and D. A bronze by Griffoul et Lorge was sold for $ 1,77M including premium by Christie's on May 8, 2000. It had been commissioned by Rodin in 1892 for presenting to the statesman Eugène Spuller who did not want to own an original plaster considered as too fragile.
On March 22 in Paris (Drouot) Fraysse sells at lot 15 a bronze of Le Printemps first state type B by Griffoul et Lorge. Here is the link to the website of the auction house.
The second state of Le Printemps is prepared by Rodin in 1898 to be catalogued in bronzes and marbles in several dimensions by applying the reduction and augmentation method recently developed by a collaborator of the artist, Henri Lebossé. A marble from L'Eternel Printemps was sold for $ 20.4M including premium by Sotheby's on May 9, 2016.
1890 Landscapes in the Far West
2011 SOLD 2.15 M$ including premium
The sales of Scottsdale Art Auction are held in early spring. On April 2, a rocky landscape in Wyoming made with beautiful colors by Thomas Moran was sold $ 4.1 million including premium. We will not fail to inform you in due time about the next sale, already scheduled for March 31, 2012 in Scottsdale AZ.
I already introduced in this group the July sales of Coeur d'Alene Art Auction. In the next sale, on July 23 in Reno NV, the featured lot is also a landscape, estimated $ 1.5 M.
In this oil on canvas, 135 x 207 cm, made by Albert Bierstadt in 1890, the majestic Mount Rainier dominates the valley where the river flows. The state of Washington had been admitted the previous year in the Union, a sure sign of the great development of the region at that time.
POST SALE COMMENT
Good result: $ 1.9 million hammer, in the range of the estimates.
This painting is illustrated in the article shared by ARTINFO before the sale.
1890 The Metamorphoses of Rodin
2011 SOLD for € 720K including premium
This unprecedented approach in the history of sculpture brings him in 1880 the commission by the Beaux-Arts for a monumental door intended for a future Musée des Arts Décoratifs. He will work tirelessly on this project, with Dante's Inferno as the thread line. He continually adds and removes themes, and has bronzes and marbles made of his figures.
Thus L'Eternel Printemps, one of his most famous groups, is disqualified for the Porte when Rodin comes to consider that this couple engaged in a torrid embrace is not tragic.
Designed in 1887, La Faunesse, also called Satyresse, has an undisputed place in the Porte. She is on her knees with her feet crossed behind. The position of the hands in parallel between the shoulder blades allows to arch the slim body, like a straightened version of Adèle's torso.
Baudelaire had considered Venus as the ultimate avatar of diablesses, faunesses and satyresses. Rodin's Faunesse à genoux has a perfect human body but the bestial snout of a goat, waiting without restraint for the moment of carnal sin. Aware of this brutality which is perfectly suited for his Hell, the artist prepares around 1890 two soft versions with a human head, Le Réveil and La Toilette de Venus.
Rodin dedicated to his friend Puvis de Chavannes a copy in white Carrara marble of the Faunesse à genoux. Although this sculpture is not explicitly identified in the letters between the two artists, it is probably the subject of an acknowledgement sent by Puvis de Chavannes to Rodin in August 1890.
This 54 cm high marble was sold for € 720K including premium by Cornette de Saint Cyr on July 6, 2011, lot 23. I narrated it in this column before the sale. It is estimated £ 1M for sale by Christie's in London on February 5, lot 21.
1892 Sold by Renoir to Durand-Ruel
2009 SOLD 2.9 M$ including premium
Three Renoir, one Pissarro, one Sisley, in the press release of a sale of Impressionist and modern art, this is not really outstanding. Except that almost all these works were purchased directly to the artists by Paul Durand-Ruel and all had been kept by his family.
Durand-Ruel died in 1922. For a long time the masterpieces of his collection were dispersed, and what remains may not have much importance. But it is an opportunity to remind that if this exceptional trader had not been so active the Impressionists should have never been successful and might be all dead in poverty.
Durand-Ruel purchased hundreds of their works and held exhibitions in Paris, but also in London and New York. Remarkably aware of the difficulties of artistic life, he brought for their benefit his financial talents and his skills of event manager.
This sale will take place at Sotheby's in New York on November 4. The most important work of this group, estimated $ 2.5 million, was made in 1892. It is a young woman painted by Renoir, with an extravagant hat and a prominent blouse.
POST SALE COMMENT
Result consistent with the estimate for this work which was especially remarkable for its provenance: $ 2.9 million including premium.
1892 Maximilien Luce was visiting Signac
2008 SOLD 970 K€ before fees
The works of Maximilien Luce are abundant on the market but of uneven interest. The highest prices are for animated views of Paris.
The oil on canvas by Luce at lot number 46 in the sale of Bretagne Enchères in Rennes on October 12 shows the port of Saint-Tropez, 74 x 91 cm.
The catalog tells us that this work was painted during a visit made by Luce to Signac in 1892. The style of the time is the pointillism, and the result is a pleasant painting in halftones. As always with Luce, even in his (many) minor works, the composition is well made and the animation is pleasant, neither too much nor scarce.
This painting is a rarity: I found nothing similar in Artvalue. I remembered another port scene, which got the honors of a large auction sale. I found it in La Gazette de l'Hotel Drouot of the time. This port of Camaret, 95 x 143 cm, placed Luce among other important painters in the sale of Champin Lombrail Gautier in Enghien on June 21, 1987. Its price, 1.85 MF hammer, was important for a work by Luce. At the time we began to feel the first signs of the speculative boom of the late 1980s.
At what price will be sold the Luce of Rennes? In my tracking of September 14, I had seen a low estimate of 500 K €. Today, the estimate is to be required to the auction house. This work could reach one of the best prices for the season within auction houses of the French provinces.
POST SALE COMMENT
I had predicted a good result, and it is exactly what happened !
970 K€ before fees for this Luce that looked like a Signac.
1893 The Changing Color of White
2013 SOLD 16 M$ including premium
The weather changes and daylight follows, offering a range of discrete colors that constitute a symphony of winter. Monet realizes outdoors a first oil painting. Then, in the comfort of his studio, he duplicates it in several copies identical in line and texture but whose colors change according to weather and time.
On February 8, 2012 , Sotheby's sold for £ 8.2 million including premium an entry in Giverny on the snow under a gray sky, 65 x 85 cm, on the model viewed in January 1885.
Painted in the same year, the same view with warmer colors of the sunset, 65 x 81 cm, is estimated $ 5M, for sale by Christie's in New York on November 5. Two identical views are known, one during the snowfall, the other under a bright sun.
The story is repeated for the view of ice flowing on the Seine, 65 x 100 cm, painted in 1893. It is estimated $ 9M, for sale by Sotheby's in New York on November 6. Two other examples are known, including an effect of mist kept the Philadelphia Museum of Art.
POST SALE COMMENTS
Start at Christie's. The road to Giverny in winter was sold for $ 5.2 million including premium. The sunset does not offer the best balance of colors in the series.
Great result at Sotheby's for the ice scenery : $ 16M including premium, rewarding all the subtlety of Monet's art.
I invite you to play the videos shared by Christie's (link) and Sotheby's (below) :
1893 How Australia joined the International Art
Australia had lived its own way of life. Its convicts, rough peasants and gold diggers made its reputation. It is time toget back to the civilization as it is understood in old Europe.
The leader of this new artistic movement is Frederick McCubbin. Born in Melbourne, he is an authentic Australian. He has not yet visited Europe but his reading frenzy inspires his art.
The term Impressionists used by his group in 1889 has generated a confusion that continues today on the realinfluences that applied onto these new pioneers.
By transposing into the Australian bush the gentle theme of pastoral scenes, they are mostly extending the classics,from Corot to Bouguereau through Bastien-Lepage. Later, when McCubbin will develop a more expressive painting, his model will be Turner.
On September 26 in London, Christie's sells one of his most famous paintings from this transition period, estimated £ 1.2 M. Bush Idyll is a large oil on canvas, 120 x 222 cm, painted in 1893. Amidst a plant environment typical of thebush, a young piper charms his girlfriend who is idly listening to him with a kindness worthy of Morisot.
1893-1894 Cézanne's Table
2010 SOLD 11.8 M£ including premium
"His subjects are humble. The line does not matter, because the composition and color make objects so present in his art. He was not the first to paint still lifes, of course. But his genius is to remove all the symbols in favour of a simple sentimental or sensual search. And he succeeds because he is a great artist. In the same idea, the environment disappears: the background is flat, not located. Only remains the subject."
Hereabove I discussed Chardin. Cézanne's painting for sale by Sotheby's in London on February 3 deserves similar comments. This oil on paper laid down on panel, 41 x 72 cm, painted in 1893 or 1894, shows a pitcher and fruit on a bare table. Some of these fruits are on a saucer. On the left, a curtain caresses the table. We see it, held by two employees, on the image shared by Guardian.
Cézanne was a master of perspective, better than Chardin on this point. He had great care to distribute his subject on the table before composing the painting. This is why his projection of a space composition on the surface of the paper anticipates the work of the Cubists, who are known to have seen him as a precursor.
This painting, which was formerly part of the Barnes collection, is estimated £ 10 million.
POST SALE COMMENT
This painting has been sold around the expected price. Result: £ 11.8 million including premium. Note that this price is remarkable for a work on paper.
1894 Strindberg in the Storm
2014 SOLD for SEK 14.3M including premium
Strindberg was an amateur painter. He understood that creating some art is a major form of expression of the feelings and considered that it must provide an ecstatic pleasure to the author.
In 1893, he painted landscapes where sky and sea form a continuity without horizon. He positioned his colors with a knife by scars.
In 1894, his tribulations led him with his very young pregnant wife in a hut in Dornach, in the upper valley of the Danube. Waiting for the childbirth, he decorated this home by seven paintings of various subjects.
The local scenery is spectacular. Alplandskap, oil on panel 72 x 51 cm, is one of the paintings made for the house at Dornach. As in the maritime scenes, the horizon disappears in the color transition between mountains and clouds. The swirling motion of the knife reminds the starry sky of van Gogh. Alplandskap was sold for £ 2.1 million including premium by Sotheby's on June 27, 2007.
Strindberg is aware that his art is totally new. The title is only a guide, and the artwork is a tour de force that expresses both the external environment and the inner torment of the artist. He outlined the theory of his creations as Art fortuit (in French, meaning chance art), which opens the way for the much later role of emotion in abstract art and to the abstract landscapes by Zao Wou-ki.
On December 3 in Stockholm, Bukowskis sells Stormlandskap, painting on paper 32 x 24 cm mounted on panel, lot 689 estimated SEK 5M. Stormlandskap was painted in Paris in October 1894, probably in order to prove his theories to a friend, and it is now rediscovered. The design is very similar to Alplandskap, but with a greater tendency to destroy the figurative.
If Strindberg had been a professional artist, he could have shaken forever the artistic theories. Kandinsky did it fifteen years later in Murnau.
I invite you to play the video shared by Bukowskis :
1895 The Friend Women of Toulouse-Lautrec
2009 SOLD 6.2 M£ including premium
First by its technique. An important artist optimizes the chemistry of his painting based on what he wants to show. In 1895, only 31 years old, Toulouse-Lautrec uses a peinture à l'essence (in French in Christie's catalog), reducing the proportion of oil to provide his paintings with the pastel flavour that fits so well in his intimate paintings.
Then the theme is a scene in a well known brothel (one which the artist frequented most often), so it is one of those images that have done more for his reputation, for paintings and for prints.
Then, the scene. We see two girls side by side, in light shirts. One of them is lying, eyes half closed. The other is leaning on her elbow, the eyes directed toward her colleague. Complicity or homosexuality? Both interpretations are possible, and this clearly reinforces the interest of the painting. They are alone, no customer being awaited. Alone? No no, it is sure that this peeping tom of painter is here also, to record the scene. It is the second mystery of the scene.
Finally, provenance: it belonged to Max Liebermann.
This work of 46 x 68 cm sold $ 8.5 million before charge at Sotheby's in 2000. It comes back on February 4 at Christie's in London, with an estimated 5 million pounds. It is known under two titles: "L'Abandon", and "Les Deux Amies". The market favours increasingly such delicately expressive works. I am willing to bet that its price will exceed the price obtained nine years ago.
POST SALE COMMENT
I won my bet, and I'm happy: £ 6.2 million including premium.
This painting has all the assets to continue its progress. That's it.
1895 VICTORIAN LUST
The Victorian art, in sculpture and painting, takes the antiquarian and orientalist themes as excuses to show the nude.The great social debate of the nineteenth century was slavery, and the degrading conditions of women's life added a touch of feeling and compassion.
Ernest Normand was one of the young artists in the following of Lord Leighton. Christie's is selling on June 15 in London his large oil on canvas of 1895, 182 x 307 cm, entitled Bondage.
In the practice of his century, the artist has free rein to his fancy. The scene is probably set in ancient Egypt: the decor includes Egyptian works from the British Museum! The young men are the masters of the harem installed on layers that could be Roman.
Two favorites are nude, wearing only a golden loincloth. A Black musician is playing a large exotic string instrument.To complete the vision of the role of women, the foreground is occupied by one of them and her child, both naked.She looks sad, but yet she has only a short step to go down the stairs to freedom.
This old-fashioned scene had met the expectations for art lovers of its time. It is estimated £ 2 million. Boldly.
1896 THE IRISH HOUND PACK
2010 SOLD 482 K$ INCLUDING PREMIUM
On February 14, 2006, Bonhams recorded 843 K $ including premium in New York on an oil on canvas, 104 x 157 cm, signed in 1898 by John Emms. This kennel scene shows 13 dogs of the pack of New Forest, Hampshire.
This forest of southern England is famous since King William II Rufus, son and successor of William the Conqueror, was murdered during a hunting party in 1100. For specialists, this painting had an additional advantage: it was accompanied by a key written by the master of the dogs, identifying the name and year of birth of these animals.
On February 16 this year, the same auction house offers an oil painting by this artist, of similar subject and dimensions (111 x 157 cm) executed in the same period (1896). Now it
is the pack of Meath, Ireland, of good reputation but inevitably less prestigious, and the names of the dogs are not disclosed.
Under these conditions, the estimate of $ 500K may seem ambitious.
POST SALE COMMENT
The estimate had seemed expensive. It was true. This painting has been sold 400 K$ hammer price, 482 K $ including premium. It is a good result.
Here is the image of this painting shared post sale by Auction Central News.
1897 expecting some bargain from the white man
Charlie spent his entire artist's career in Montana. In 1896 he married the young Nancy who shared his vision. In 1897 the newlyweds established their studio in the small town of Great Falls founded 14 years earlier. Today in that city the C.M. Russell Museum Complex is dedicated to the life of pioneer and the work of the "cowboy artist".
Charlie Russell's paintings and watercolors treat the stories of both communities including their internal and external conflicts. One of his favorite subjects is the group of Natives watching for the possible arrival of whites who will bring to them the boon of their amazing goods. Opposed to the progress symbolized by the railway, Charlie expresses his sympathy for the tribes and castigates the lure of his own civilization.
On July 29 in Reno, The Coeur d'Alene Art Auction sells Approach of the White Men, oil on canvas 61 x 86 cm painted in 1897, lot 155 estimated $ 1,5M. The three scouts on horseback are halting on a mound to observe the plains at sunrise. They are followed up to the horizon by a long line of riders. Here is the link to this auction house specializing in the art of the Wild West.
An undated oil on canvas of same size and nearly identical scene titled The Scouting Party was sold for $ 1.9M including premium on July 27, 2013 by The Coeur d'Alene Art Auction.
The same auction house sold on August 30, 2005 for $ 5.6M including premium an oil on canvas of similar size painted in 1918. Titled Piegans, it shows a group of Indian horsemen going forward with peaceful fanions. The colors of the beginning of the day are more vivid.
1898 Panorama in Upper Engadine
St. Moritz in the Upper Inn valley has for three decades been the pioneer of ski resorts, attracting the high society. In 1897 Giovanni and Segantini wait for the commission of a large circular panorama to promote the Swiss tourism at the future Exhibition of 1900 in Paris. Giovanni prepares sketches for a mountain view near St. Moritz.
The project is cancelled. Giovanni finds another client. In 1898 he paints a polyptych for the dining room of a St. Moritz-Bad chalet belonging to a very old family of the local nobility.
This monumental work is an oil on canvas composed of four parts without interruption of the topographic view, for a total dimension of 67 x 510 cm. In front of the mountain range of the Upper Engadine, a shepherd keeps his flock scattered on the four panels. A deep blue lake separates the alp and the rocky peaks.
Titled Panorama of Muottas Muragl, this painting is estimated CHF 2.8M for sale by Koller in Zurich on June 28, lot 3050. Please read the article shared by Barnebys. The tweet below shows a detail of the third panel.
Das Top-Los der Auktionswoche bei Koller Auktionen (26.-29. Juni) ist Giovanni Giacomettis 4-teiliges "Panorama von Muottas Muragl" (1898), das einen neuen Künstlerrekord erzielen könnte: https://t.co/eO2IFFFMDv #kunst #gemälde #Schweiz #rekord #auktion pic.twitter.com/OX68aZO0u7— Barnebys.de (@Barnebysde) June 22, 2019
1899 BOUGUEREAU IN DREAM-LIKE CLOUDS
2010 SOLD 2.2 M$ INCLUDING PREMIUM
Covered with honors in France during his lifetime, William Bouguereau is unknown today in the art market of his country. There are two reasons for this.
First, he had early got many American customers, who valued his family and peasant scenes. Then he was totally outside the modern art trends of his time.
The admiration expressed by Salvador Dali for his work excited the public's curiosity in the 1960s. The painting to be sold by Sotheby's in New York on April 23 let understanding why.
We see a couple of young adults as winged angels, naked, sucked up into the clouds, having already lost contact with the ground. The boy is seen in front, his improprieties being masked by the traditional fig leaf. The girl is viewed from back, hair flying, hanging on the shoulder of her companion.
The bodies, real subject of this piece, a little larger than life, are treated with the quality that made the reputation of the artist in the official salons. There were two ways to interpret this heavenly flight. As a ceiling in a palace of the eighteenth century, an incongruous theme in 1899. Or like a dream world which anticipates surrealism.
So this painting is important for the appreciation of the still controversial place of Bouguereau in the history of art. It is estimated $ 1.8 million. The image is shared with the press release by AuctionPublicity.
POST SALE COMMENT
$ 2.2 million including premium for this Amour et Psyché, oil on canvas 219 x 129 cm. A result without surprise or passion.
The image is shared by Wikimedia.
1899 EDVARD MUNCH AND THE MYSTERY OF LIFE
Munch, after Gauguin, with Nietzsche, asks the question of the mystery of life. Straight talk, an oil on canvas is titled Fertility. It is illustrated in the press release shared by AuctionPublicity.
It shows a peasant couple in front of a cherry tree, busily gathering. They are not Adam and Eve. Soberly dressed, they rather look like gentle Nordic cousins of the rural workers of Millet. The simple but hard line is reminiscent of Van Gogh.
Justifying the title, the woman is pregnant, with discretion. However, the dominant figure is the tree. The exact center of the painting is the scar of a large lower branch which had been cut. This is sufficient to give a philosophical dimension to this peaceful scene. For Munch, anxiety is never far away.
Well understood, it is a masterpiece of Munch, as disturbing as more expressive or more easily interpretable artworks.Of fairly large size for this artist, 120 x 140 cm, it was painted around 1899. Christie's estimates it at $ 25 million.This is one of the highlights of their sale on May 4 in New York.